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TIA (Transient Ischemic Attack)
Excerpted from Stroke Connection, January/February 2009 (science update October 2012)
While transient ischemic attack (TIA) is often labeled “mini-stroke,” it is more accurately characterized as a “warning stroke,” a warning you should take very seriously.
TIA is caused by a clot; the only difference between a stroke and TIA is that with TIA the blockage is transient (temporary). TIA symptoms occur rapidly and last a relatively short time. Most TIAs last less than five minutes; the average is about a minute. When a TIA is over, it usually causes no permanent injury to the brain.
F.A.S.T. is an easy way to remember the sudden signs and symptoms of a stroke:
- Face Drooping
- Arm Weakness
- Speech Difficulty
- Time to call 911
Additional signs of a stroke may include:
- Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body
- Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
- Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
- Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, lack of balance or coordination
- Sudden severe headache with no known cause
According to Dr. Emil Matarese, director of a primary stroke center at St. Mary’s Medical Center in Pennsylvania, if you have stroke symptoms, dial 911 immediately and go to an emergency room for evaluation. You should not wait to see if the symptoms go away.
While the vast majority of strokes are not preceded by TIA, about a third of people who experience TIA go on to have a stroke within a year. TIA is a warning stroke and gives a patient time to act and keep a permanent stroke from occurring. Although a TIA resolves itself before there is damage, there is no way to predict which clots will dissolve on their own. Stroke — and TIA — are medical emergencies; dial 911 and tell the operator you think it’s a stroke and note the time the symptoms started. Remember: Time lost is brain lost.
PFAC is an affiliate of the
National Guardianship Association
Common Signs of Elderly Financial Exploitation
Among the warning signs:
• Money or property is missing.
• Unexplained withdrawals from bank accounts, frequent ATM use or large wire transfers;
• Unable to pay normal bills;
• Bank statements or bills stop arriving in the mail;
• Purchases of merchandise or services that seem unnecessary;
• Names are added to bank accounts that they’re unable/unwilling to explain
• Unusual gifts to caregivers, family members or a new “best friend;”
• Changes to beneficiaries on a will, life insurance policy or retirement funds;
• A caregiver, friend or relative suddenly begins handling the money without documentation of the financial arrangement
Source: Consumer Financial Protection Bureau